Aronia (Aronia Melanocarpa) is a berry type fruit known also as chokeberry. The edible and medicinal part of the plant is the fruit which has a more tart taste than the bilberry. As a plant aronia has no natural enemies and does not require spraying, therefore, it ranks as health food.
Aronia contains in its fruits a high concentration of antioxidants and is a useful preventive in malignant diseases, efficiently cleansing the body from harmful matter and heavy metals. It contains vitamins C, A, E, B2, B6, B12 and the very rare vitamin P. It also contains numerous minerals and fruit sugar – sorbitol.
Due to its beneficial properties aronia is used most often in dried form or in the form of syrup. Drying of aronia in an ACM-2000 dried gave excellent results in the sense of sensory properties. Drying lasted 66 h at a temperature of 45 °C up to the moisture content of 10% in the product. The test results of drying aronia obtained by the Institute Josif Pančić, indicated the preservation of great quantities of anthocyanin and phenols (total phenols 30 mgGAE/g, total anthocyanins 0,41 %). The drying yield is 4 meaning that 1 kg of dried aronia is an equivalent of 4 kg of fresh aronia.